Sun Yatsen Mausoleum
The mausoleum of China's great revolutionary forefather, Sun Yatsen (1866-1925), was built from 1926-1929. It can be found on the southern slopes of Zhongshan Hill east of the city. The site covers an area of 80,000 sq meters and has been designated a national scenic spot and historical site. The white buildings with roofs of brilliant blue tiles (the Nationalists colors) are a striking contrast to the background of dark green pines.
From the large bronze statue at the base of the mausoleum, the memorial hall can be reached by 392 marble steps. The hall is dominated by a large seated statue of Sun and leads to the vault where his remains are buried under another marble statue of him in a reclining posture. The walls of the memorial hall show extracts from the 1912 constitution and the Kuomintang ideals, ‘Nationalism, Democracy and People’s Livelihood’ are inscribed above the burial chamber in gold on black marble.