| ||Religion |
China is a multi-religious country. Various religions exert different influence on different ethnic groups. Islam is followed by the Hui, Uygur, Kazak, Kirgiz, Tatar, Dongxiang, Salar and Bonan nationalities; Buddhism and Lamaism are followed by the Tibetan, Mongolian, Dai and Yugur nationalities; Christianity is followed by the Miao,Yao and Yi nationalities; Shamanism is followed by the Oroqen Ewenki and Daur nationalities; the majority Han nationality believes in Buddhism, Christianity and Taoism. The Chinese people enjoy the freedom of religion.
China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administration regions directly under the central government.
The 23 provinces are Hebei, Shanxi ,Lisoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Hubei, Hunan. Guangdong, Hainan, Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan,Guizhou and Yunnan.
The 5 autonomous regions are: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Xingjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Tibet Autonomous Region.
The 4 municipalities are: Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing.
The 2 special administrative regions are: HongKong and Macau.
In carrying out the policy of opening to the outside world, China makes great efforts in promoting tourism. By the end of November 1994, China had opened 1100 cities and counties to overseas visitors.
China has the largest population in the world. The 1995 census showed the population on China's mainland was 1.2 billion and that in Taiwan was 20.2 million. But the population is distributed unevenly with more in the east (more than 300 persons per square kilometer)and fewer in the west(about 40 persons per square kilometer).
In order to curb the fast growing population, China has made birth control the national policy, which encourages a couple to have only one child.