Confucius Mansions were built over 2,000 years ago to house Confucius’ descendents (the Kong family). The luxurious complex has more than 460 rooms, buildings and halls and was noted to be the finest residence in China after the Imperial Palace. The grandeur of the compound is testament to the power and prestige of the Kong family. They ruled the town of Qufu and its environs and had the powers of taxation and execution.
The mansions are split into 3 sections, central, eastern and western. The central area was the living quarters and offices and also has charming gardens. The family shrine is in the eastern part and guestrooms and studies are in the western part. The complex showcases a large collection of rare treasures and ancient books. It also has the valuable Kong family archives which contains records from 1534-1948.