Jingdezhen is known as the "Porcelain Capital" and is located in northeastern Jiangxi. During the Jingde Period (1004-1007) of the Southern Song dynasty, emperor Jingde decreed all the pieces made for court to be marked 'made in the Jingde period’ and subsequently the city changed its name from Xinpin to Jingdezhen.
For centuries, the city has been considered to be China’s most
important center for porcelain production. Ceramics were produced
here as far back as the Han dynasty (206-220BC). The imperial porcelain
was so exquisite that it was described as being "as white as
jade, as bright as a mirror, as thin as paper, with a sound as clear
as a bell".
Today, Jingdezhen remains a national center for
porcelain production. The most famous types of porcelain from Jingdezhen
are the blue and white porcelain, which has been produced since
the Yuan dynasty (1280-1368AD) and the rice-patterned porcelain
that was introduced in the Song dynasty.
While in this city, tourists can visit one of the many pottery factories. The Museum of Ceramic History, (gu taoci bolanqu) has items found among the ancient kiln sites and also has workshops demonstrating porcelain production techniques.